Прочитайте тексты, переведите их письменно на русский язык и выполните

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Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение

среднего профессионального образования

Пермский техникум промышленных и информационных технологий
Контрольная работа № 2

Вариант 2

  1. Прочитайте тексты, переведите их письменно на русский язык и выполните упражнения после текстов.


Dies are tools used for the shaping solid materials, especially those employed in the press working of cold metals.

In presswork, dies are used in pairs. The smaller die, or punch, fits inside the larger die, called the matrix or, simply, the die. The metal to be formed, usually a sheet, is placed over the matrix on the press. The punch is mounted on the press and moves down by hydraulic or mechanical force.

A number of different forms of dies are employed for different operations. The simplest are piercing dies (пробивной штамп), used for punching holes. Bending and folding dies are designed to make single or compound bends. A combination die is designed to perform more than one of the above operations in one stroke of the press. A progressive die permits successive forming operations with the same die.

In coining, metal is forced to flow into two matching dies, each of which bears an engraved design.
Wiredrawing Dies

In the manufacture of wire, a drawplate (волочильная доска) is usually employed. This tool is a metal plate containing a number of holes, successively less in diameter and known as wire dies. A piece of metal is pulled through the largest die to make a coarse wire. This wire is then drawn through the smaller hole, and then the next, until the wire is reduced to the desired measurement. Wiredrawing dies are made from extremely hard materials, such as tungsten carbide or diamonds.

Thread-Cutting Dies

For cutting threads on bolts or on the outside of pipes, a thread-cutting die (резьбонарезная плашка) is used. It is usually made of hardened steel in the form of a round plate with a hole in the centre. The hole has a thread. To cut an outside thread, the die is lubricated with oil and simply screwed onto an unthreaded bolt or piece of pipe, the same way a nut is screwed onto a bolt. The corresponding tool for cutting an inside thread, such as that inside a nut, is called a tap (метчик).


to permit – позволять, разрешать

common – обычный

tungsten – вольфрам

diamond – алмаз

tips – наконечники

ceramic – керамический

truing – правка, наводка, заточка

die – матрица, штамп

matrix – матрица

to employ – применять

to pierce – прокалывать, протыкать

to punch – пробивать отверстие

matching – сочетающийся, парный

coarse – грубый

wire – проволока

to draw – тащить, волочить

thread – резьба

hardened – закаленный

to lubricate – смазывать

to screw – привинчивать

nut – гайка

outside – наружный, внешний

inside – внутренний, внутри

Задание А.

Ответьте письменно на вопросы к текстам:

  1. What are dies used for?

  2. How does the hunch move on the press?

  3. What are the simplest operations used for punching holes?

  4. What tool is used in the production of wire?

  5. What materials are wiredrawing dies made of?

  6. What die is used for cutting threads?

  7. What is a thread-cutting die made of?

  8. What tool is used for cutting an inside thread?

Задание В.

Найдите и выпишите из текста эквиваленты следующих выражений:

  1. Твердые материалы

  2. Гидравлическое или механическое давление

  3. Нарезание резьбы на болтах

  4. Изготовление проволоки

  5. Закаленная сталь

  6. Различные формы штампов

  7. Внешняя резьба

Задание С.

Переведите предложения на английский язык.

  1. Алмазы используются для резания абразивных материалов и обработки поверхности твердых материалов.

  2. Для различных операций используют различные штампы.

  3. Волочильные доски для проволоки производятся из очень твердых материалов.

  4. Резьбонарезные плашки и метчики используются для нарезки резьбы снаружи и внутри.

  1. Grammar: Active and Passive Voice

Exercise 1

Вставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужной форме Present/Past/Future Simple. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. He … (be) born in 1975. 2. She … (play) tennis every Saturday. 3. We … (go) to Paris next week. 4. My brother … (travel) a lot last summer. 5. His sister … (finish) school two years ago. 6. I … (get) up at 6.30. a.m. 7. The train … (come) to the station in two hours. 8. Our grandparents … (live) in Moscow. 9. He … (visit) them every weekend. 10. My friend … (work) abroad next year.

Exercise 2

Вставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужной форме Present Simple/Present Progressive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. I … (translate) the article now. 2. He … (write) a letter when I came in. 3. Father … (watch) a football match from 7 till 9 o’clock yesterday. 4. I … (work) in the garden the whole morning tomorrow. 5. Where is Mary? – She is in the bathroom. She … (take) a shower. 6. I … (read) a book when Tom phoned. 7. The students … (listen) to the lecturer now. 8. He … (play) the piano from 4 till 6 o’clock tomorrow. 9. When my father came home I … (have) dinner. 10. Look! They … (dance) wonderfully.

Exercise 3

Вставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужной форме Present Perfect/Past Simple. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. When I arrived the lecture … (start). 2. He … already (finish) the project. 3. I … (read) this book by 6 o’clock tomorrow. 4. I …never (be) to London. 5. When we … (come) to the airport the plane … (land). 6. Nick usually comes home at 5 o’clock. It’s nearly 6 o’clock, but he … (not/come) yet. 7. The students … (pass) the exams by next Monday. 8. John … (lose) his key, he can’t find it. 9. I … (read) two books this month. 10. When we came to the theatre the performance … already (begin).

Exercise 4

Преобразуйте предложения из действительного залога в страдательный, используя формы Present/Past/Future Simple Passive

  1. The students often see him in the club.

  2. He teaches them English at college.

  3. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly yesterday.

  4. Our best student did that work last month.

  5. They will send us a box of fruit.

  6. We will discuss the problem at the meeting tomorrow.

  7. He can easily translate this article.

  8. They cleaned the classroom yesterday.

Exercise 5

Переведите предложения на русский язык

  1. The journal was published in Moscow last year.

  2. They are taught French.

  3. The library will be closed at 8 p.m.

  4. English is spoken all over the world.

  5. The conference was postponed yesterday.

  6. This book is often referred to.

  7. The students were asked to come to the laboratory.

  8. The rules should be learned.

  9. The exhibition will be organized next month.

  10. The hotel was built last year.

Exercise 6

Переведите предложения на английский язык

  1. Им разрешили пользоваться лабораторией.

  2. В начальной школе детей учат читать и писать.

  3. Вчера на конференции такие вопросы не затрагивались.

  4. Новый торговый центр построят в следующем году.

  5. Его можно видеть в парке в любую погоду.

  1. Grammar: Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs

Exercise 7

Вставьте вместо пропуска прилагательные и наречия, данные в скобках, в правильной форме. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Kate is … (young) than Mary. 2. London is one of the … (big) cities in the world. 3. This sentence is … (difficult) than the first one. 4. Athens is … (far) from London than Rome is. 5. Jack is … (rich) but I don’t think he is … (happy) than Richard. 6. These are the … (bad) cigarettes I’ve ever smoked. 7. Your work is much … (good) than I thought. 8. A train goes … (fast) than a ship but not as … (fast) as an airplane. 9. This is the … (wonderful) film I’ve ever seen. 10. I think that your plan is … (good) than mine. 11. I like Yesenin’s poems … (good) of all. 12. This bus will not carry … (many) than forty people. 13. The … (much) you work, the … (good) you know English. 14. John is as … (tall) as his father. 15. What is the … (interesting) book you’ve recently read?

  1. Grammar: Modal Verbs

Exercise 8

Прочитайте, переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на значение модальных глаголов.

  1. Jack can play football very well. 2. He was able to repair the car himself. 3. They can jump high in the gym. 4. Children are allowed to watch TV in the evening. 5. You may walk in the park. 6. The teacher should ask different questions. 7. The students will be able to answer difficult questions. 8. You may change the flowers in the vase. 9. The boy can help them. 10. He must fulfill the necessary task. 11. She can repeat all long and short sounds. 12. The pupil should clean the dirty blackboard. 13. My sister has to wash the plates. 14. The children may play in the garden.

Exercise 9

Переведите на английский язык следующие предложения с модальными глаголами.

  1. Он должен работать на этом большом совместном предприятии. 2. Ей не следует прогуливаться по этой темной улице. 3. Они могут наблюдать яркие звезды на небе. 4. Вы можете помочь почистить эту большую зеленую клумбу. 5. Я должен перевести этот короткий текст. 6. Мы можем ответить на этот вопрос. 7. Мой брат должен выполнить задачу. 8. Её сестра может помыть окна. 9. Её муж умеет очень хорошо играть в футбол. 10. Им разрешают приходить домой поздно. 11. Кто может вам помочь? 12. Нам приходится ложиться спать рано. 13. Вы могли сделать это раньше. 14. Его жена может готовить очень хорошо. 15. Он не умел говорить по-английски в прошлом году.

  1. Reading Comprehension

Exercise 10

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосочетаний:

    1. engine lathe

    2. turning

    3. drilling

    4. screw cutting

    5. headstock

    6. tailstock

    7. saddle

    8. lever

    9. apron

    10. carriage

    11. guideways

    12. handle

А) задняя бабка

В) фартук (суппорта)

С) каретка

D) передняя бабка

E) сверление

F) токарно-винторезный станок

G) нарезание винтов

H) рычаг

I) рукоятка

J) суппорт

К) обточка

L) направляющие (станка)

Exercise 11

Прочитайте текст и переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы 3, 4, 5
Engine Lathe

  1. The engine lathe is the most commonly used machine-tool. It is used for great variety of metal operations, such as turning, drilling, screwcutting and many others.

  2. The principal units of the lathe are the bed, the headstock, the tailstock and the carriage with the apron.

  3. The bed is the base of any machine-tool and it is made of grey iron casting on which the saddle and the tailstock slide along special guideways. The headstock is also located and bolted on the bed.

  4. The headstock contains the spindle and the speed gearbox. The spindle is the part of the machine to which power is applied to rotate the work. The changing of the spindle speed is effected by levers.

  5. The tailstock consists of a casting fitted to the bed. The function of the tailstock is to support one end of the work turned between centres and to mount the tools.

  6. The carriage of the lathe, which carries the tool, is made up of two principal parts: the saddle and the apron. The saddle travels along the guideways of the bed. The apron represents the front wall of the carriage. On the front of the apron are mounted the handles and levers by which the actions of the tool are controlled.

Exercise 12

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы.

  1. What operations is the engine lathe used for?

  2. What are the principal units of the lathe?

  3. What units are located on the bed?

  4. What is the function of the tailstock?

  5. Where are the handles and levers mounted?

    1. to support one end of the work turned between centres

    2. on the front of the apron

    3. for turning, drilling

    4. the headstock, the saddle and the tailstock

    5. the bed, the headstock, the tailstock and the carriage with the apron

Exercise 13

Допишите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант в правом столбике.

  1. Vertical turret head travels along…

  1. Horizontal side head travels along…

    1. the carriage

    2. the headstock

    3. the tailstock

  1. The unit on which the saddle and the tailstock slide is called …

    1. the carriage

    2. the bed

c) the headstock

  1. The units, by which the actions of the tool are controlled, are called…

    1. guideways

    2. the saddle and the apron

    3. levers and handles

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